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Personality inference from voice quality: The loud voice of extroversion

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Published in European Journal of Social Psychology. 1978, vol. 8, no. 4, p. 467-487
Abstract Investigated the process of personality inference from voice quality using 24 male American stimulus persons who served as subjects in simulated jury discussions. Applying a Brunswikian lens model of the inference process, criteria, distal cues, proximal cues and attributions were measured by independent groups of judges: personality criteria by three peers of each stimulus person and, on the basis of content-masked voice samples, distal voice quality indicator cues by six phoneticians, proximal voice percept by ten naive judges, personality attributions by nine naive judges. Only extroversion attributions correlate significantly with the criterion, replicating earlier findings. For the inference of extroversion, contrary to other traits which apparently cannot be inferred accurately from voice quality, the following conditions are met: (a) the criterion is associated with ecologically valid voice energy cues (vocal effort and dynamic range), (b) these indicator cues are adequately represented as proximal voice percepts (particularly loudness and sharpness), and(c) percept utilization in the judges' inferential strategy corresponds to the association between criterion and distal indicator cues. Path-analytic procedures are used to test empirically the adequacy of the inference model to (a) account for the variance in the attributions, and (b) explain significant correlations between criteria and attributions in terms of mediating variables.
Keywords ExtroversionPersonality inferenceVoice quality
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Research group Affective sciences
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SCHERER, Klaus R. Personality inference from voice quality: The loud voice of extroversion. In: European Journal of Social Psychology, 1978, vol. 8, n° 4, p. 467-487. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:101858

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Deposited on : 2018-01-31

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