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Functional Organization of Face Processing in the Human Superior Temporal Sulcus: A 7T High-Resolution fMRI Study

van der Zwaag, Wietske
Published in Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2018, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 102-113
Abstract The superior temporal sulcus (STS) is a major component of the human face perception network, implicated in processing dynamic changeable aspects of faces. However, it remains unknown whether STS holds functionally segregated subdivisions for different categories of facial movements. We used high-resolution functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) at 7T in 16 volunteers to compare STS activation to faces displaying angry or happy expressions, eye-gaze shifts, and lip-speech movements. Combining univariate and multivariate analyses, we show a systematic topological organization within STS, with gaze-related activity predominating in the most posterior and superior sector, speech-related activity in the anterior sector, and emotional expressions represented in the intermediate middle STS. Right STS appeared to hold a finer functional segregation between all four types of facial movements, and best discriminative abilities within the face-selective posterior STS (pSTS). Conversely, left STS showed greater overlap between conditions, with a lack of distinction between mouth movements associated to speech or happy expression, and better discriminative abilities (for gaze and speech vs emotion conditions) outside pSTS. Differential sensitivity to upper (eye) or lower (mouth) facial features may contribute to, but does not appear to fully account for, these response patterns.
PMID: 29140527
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Research groups Mécanismes cérébraux du comportement et des fonctions cognitives (701)
Affective sciences
Laboratoire pour la théorie de la douleur (TOPLAB)
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SCHOBERT, Anne-Kathrin et al. Functional Organization of Face Processing in the Human Superior Temporal Sulcus: A 7T High-Resolution fMRI Study. In: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2018, vol. 13, n° 1, p. 102-113. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsx119 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:101413

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Deposited on : 2018-01-16

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