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Spatiotemporal patterns in ultraslow domain wall creep dynamics

Ferrero, Ezequiel E.
Kolton, Alejandro B.
Published in Physical Review Letters. 2017, vol. 118, no. 14, p. 147208
Abstract In the presence of impurities, ferromagnetic and ferroelectric domain walls slide only above a finite external field. Close to this depinning threshold, they proceed by large and abrupt jumps called avalanches, while, at much smaller fields, these interfaces creep by thermal activation. In this Letter, we develop a novel numerical technique that captures the ultraslow creep regime over huge time scales. We point out the existence of activated events that involve collective reorganizations similar to avalanches, but, at variance with them, display correlated spatiotemporal patterns that resemble the complex sequence of aftershocks observed after a large earthquake. Remarkably, we show that events assemble in independent clusters that display at large scales the same statistics as critical depinning avalanches. We foresee these correlated dynamics being experimentally accessible by magnetooptical imaging of ferromagnetic films.
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Research group Groupe Giamarchi
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FERRERO, Ezequiel E. et al. Spatiotemporal patterns in ultraslow domain wall creep dynamics. In: Physical Review Letters, 2017, vol. 118, n° 14, p. 147208. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:101047

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Deposited on : 2018-01-02

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