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A systematic review of the clinical survival of zirconia implants

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Published in Clinical Oral Investigations. 2016, vol. 20, no. 7, p. 1403-1417
Abstract OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to evaluate the clinical success and survival rates of zirconia ceramic implants after at least 1 year of function and to assess if there is sufficient evidence to justify using them as alternatives to titanium implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials (CENTRAL) databases was performed in April 2015 by two independent examiners to retrieve clinical studies focusing on the survival rate of zirconia implants after at least 1 year of function. Implant survival was estimated using the overall proportion reported in the studies with a Clopper-Pearson 95 % confidence interval (random effect model with a Der-Simonian Laird estimate). RESULTS: Fourteen articles were selected out of the 1519 titles initially screened. The overall survival rate of zirconia one- and two-piece implants was calculated at 92 % (95 % CI 87-95) after 1 year of function. The survival of implants at 1 year for the selected studies revealed considerable heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: In spite of the unavailability of sufficient long-term evidence to justify using zirconia oral implants, zirconia ceramics could potentially be the alternative to titanium for a non-metallic implant solution. However, further clinical studies are required to establish long-term results, and to determine the risk of technical and biological complications. Additional randomized controlled clinical trials examining two-piece zirconia implant systems are also required to assess their survival and success rates in comparison with titanium as well as one-piece zirconia implants. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Zirconia implants provide a potential alternative to titanium ones. However, clinicians must be aware of the lack of knowledge regarding long-term outcomes and specific reasons for failure.
Keywords Ceramics/chemistry*Dental ImplantsDental Materials/chemistryDental Prosthesis Design*Dental Restoration FailureHumansTitanium/chemistryZirconium/*chemistryDental implantsSurvivalSystematic reviewZirconia
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Research group Groupe Mombelli Andréa (médecine dentaire) (242)
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HASHIM, Dena Talal et al. A systematic review of the clinical survival of zirconia implants. In: Clinical Oral Investigations, 2016, vol. 20, n° 7, p. 1403-1417. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:100256

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Deposited on : 2017-12-13

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