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Book chapter
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The Ccr4-Not Complex: Architecture and Structural Insights

Published inMacromolecular Protein Complexes. Subcellular Biochemistry, Editors Harris J., Marles-Wright J.
PublisherCham : Springer
Publication date2017
Abstract

The Ccr4-Not complex is an essential multi-subunit protein complex that plays a fundamental role in eukaryotic mRNA metabolism and has a multitude of different roles that impact eukaryotic gene expression . It has a conserved core of three Not proteins, the Ccr4 protein, and two Ccr4 associated factors, Caf1 and Caf40. A fourth Not protein, Not4, is conserved, but is only a stable subunit of the complex in yeast. Certain subunits have been duplicated during evolution, with functional divergence, such as Not3 in yeast, and Ccr4 or Caf1 in human. However the complex includes only one homolog for each protein. In addition, species-specific subunits are part of the complex, such as Caf130 in yeast or Not10 and Not11 in human. Two conserved catalytic functions are associated with the complex, deadenylation and ubiquitination . The complex adopts an L-shaped structure, in which different modules are bound to a large Not1 scaffold protein. In this chapter we will summarize our current knowledge of the architecture of the complex and of the structure of its constituents.

Citation (ISO format)
COLLART, Martine, PANASENKO, Olesya. The Ccr4-Not Complex: Architecture and Structural Insights. In: Macromolecular Protein Complexes. Subcellular Biochemistry. Cham : Springer, 2017. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-46503-6_13
Identifiers
ISBN978-3-319-46503-6
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