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The bithorax complex of Drosophila melanogaster: Underreplication and morphology in polytene chromosomes

Moshkin, Yuri M.
Alekseyenko, A. A.
Semeshin, V. F.
Spierer, Anne
Makarevich, G. F.
Belyaeva, E. S.
Zhimulev, I. F.
Published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2001, vol. 98, no. 2, p. 570-4
Abstract The level of polyteny of the Drosophila salivary gland chromosomes was determined throughout the chromosome region 89E1-4, the locus of the Bithorax Complex. A zone of underreplication spans the 300 kb of DNA from the Ubx to Abd-B loci. From the centromere proximal end of the complex, a 70-kb-long gradual decrease of polytenization starts with the Ubx transcription unit and, after a floor corresponding to the abd-A locus, raises gradually back to the maximum over 70 kb in the region of the Abd-B transcription unit. In flies carrying the mutation Suppressor of DNA Underreplication [Su(UR)ES], the underreplication of the Bithorax Complex is fully suppressed. In the wild type, the Bithorax Complex forms a weak point featuring thinner bands separated by clefts or constrictions. In Su(UR)ES strain in contrast, the 89E1-4 band looks like a single solid band consisting of homogenous dense material. We speculate that the wild-type Su(UR)ES protein hampers DNA replication of silenced domains and leads to their underreplication in salivary gland polytene chromosomes.
Keywords AnimalsChromosomes/genetics/ultrastructureDNA ReplicationDNA-Binding Proteins/geneticsDrosophila ProteinsDrosophila melanogaster/genetics/growth & development/ultrastructureGene Expression RegulationGene SilencingGenes, HomeoboxGenes, InsectGenes, SuppressorHeterochromatin/genetics/ultrastructureHomeodomain Proteins/geneticsInsect Proteins/genetics/physiologyLarvaMicroscopy, ElectronNuclear ProteinsSalivary Glands/ultrastructureTranscription Factors
PMID: 11136231
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MOSHKIN, Yuri M. et al. The bithorax complex of Drosophila melanogaster: Underreplication and morphology in polytene chromosomes. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2001, vol. 98, n° 2, p. 570-4. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:9878

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Deposited on : 2010-08-06

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