Scientific article
Open access

A Short Double-Stapled Peptide Inhibits Respiratory Syncytial Virus Entry and Spreading

Published inAntimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol. 61, no. 4
Publication date2017

Synthetic peptides derived from the heptad repeat (HR) of fusion (F) proteins can be used as dominant negative inhibitors to inhibit the fusion mechanism of class I viral F proteins. Here, we have performed a stapled-peptide scan across the HR2 domain of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) F protein with the aim to identify a minimal domain capable of disrupting the formation of the postfusion six-helix bundle required for viral cell entry. Constraining the peptides with a single staple was not sufficient to inhibit RSV infection. However, the insertion of double staples led to the identification of novel short stapled peptides that display nanomolar potency in HEp-2 cells and are exceptionally robust to proteolytic degradation. By replacing each amino acid of the peptides by an alanine, we found that the substitution of residues 506 to 509, located in a patch of polar contacts between HR2 and HR1, severely affected inhibition. Finally, we show that intranasal delivery of the most potent peptide to BALB/c mice significantly decreased RSV infection in upper and lower respiratory tracts. The discovery of this minimal HR2 sequence as a means for inhibition of RSV infection provides the basis for further medicinal chemistry efforts toward developing RSV fusion antivirals.

  • Respiratory syncytial virus
  • Stapled peptides
Citation (ISO format)
GAILLARD, Vanessa et al. A Short Double-Stapled Peptide Inhibits Respiratory Syncytial Virus Entry and Spreading. In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2017, vol. 61, n° 4. doi: 10.1128/AAC.02241-16
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0066-4804

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