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A Short Double-Stapled Peptide Inhibits Respiratory Syncytial Virus Entry and Spreading

Gaillard, Vanessa
Galloux, Marie
Eléouët, Jean-François
Le Goffic, Ronan
Larcher, Thibaut
Rameix-Welti, Marie-Anne
Boukadiri, Abdelhak
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Published in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. 2017, vol. 61, no. 4
Abstract Synthetic peptides derived from the heptad repeat (HR) of fusion (F) proteins can be used as dominant negative inhibitors to inhibit the fusion mechanism of class I viral F proteins. Here, we have performed a stapled-peptide scan across the HR2 domain of the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) F protein with the aim to identify a minimal domain capable of disrupting the formation of the postfusion six-helix bundle required for viral cell entry. Constraining the peptides with a single staple was not sufficient to inhibit RSV infection. However, the insertion of double staples led to the identification of novel short stapled peptides that display nanomolar potency in HEp-2 cells and are exceptionally robust to proteolytic degradation. By replacing each amino acid of the peptides by an alanine, we found that the substitution of residues 506 to 509, located in a patch of polar contacts between HR2 and HR1, severely affected inhibition. Finally, we show that intranasal delivery of the most potent peptide to BALB/c mice significantly decreased RSV infection in upper and lower respiratory tracts. The discovery of this minimal HR2 sequence as a means for inhibition of RSV infection provides the basis for further medicinal chemistry efforts toward developing RSV fusion antivirals.
Keywords Respiratory syncytial virusStapled peptides
PMID: 28137809
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Article (Published version) (4.6 MB) - public document Free access
Research group Virologie moléculaire (275)
Project FNS: 31003A_163129
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GAILLARD, Vanessa et al. A Short Double-Stapled Peptide Inhibits Respiratory Syncytial Virus Entry and Spreading. In: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2017, vol. 61, n° 4. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:98544

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Deposited on : 2017-11-03

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