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Scientific article
Open access
English

Neural substrates of incongruity-resolution and nonsense humor

Published inNeuropsychologia, vol. 47, no. 4, p. 1023-1033
Publication date2009
Abstract

By means of functional magnetic resonance imaging the present paper analyzes the neural correlates of processing and appreciating incongruity-resolution and nonsense cartoons. Furthermore, the relation between experience seeking and these neural substrates was investigated as this personality characteristic is known to influence humor appreciation. In the processing of incongruity-resolution stimuli the incongruity of the joke is largely resolvable, whereas in nonsense stimuli it is only partially resolvable and more incongruity remains. The anterior medial prefrontal cortex, bilateral superior frontal gyri and temporo-parietal junctions (TPJ) show more activation during processing of incongruity-resolution than of nonsense cartoons. These differences indicate that processing of incongruity-resolution cartoons requires more integration of multi-sensory information and coherence building, as well as more mental manipulation and organization of information. In addition, less self-reference might be established in nonsense cartoons as it is more absurd and more often deals with impossible situations. Higher experience-seeking scores correlate with increased activation in prefrontal, posterior temporal regions and the hippocampus. This might be due to a more intense exploration of the humorous stimuli as experience seekers tend to search novel mental stimulation. Furthermore, experience seeking was positively associated with brain reactivity towards processing nonsense in contrast to incongruity-resolution stimuli, which is in line with behavioral studies that showed a preference for nonsense humor by experience seekers.

Keywords
  • Humor
  • fMRI
  • Cartoon
  • Incongruity-resolution
  • Nonsense
  • Experience seeking
  • Sensation seeking
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
SAMSON, Andrea Christiane et al. Neural substrates of incongruity-resolution and nonsense humor. In: Neuropsychologia, 2009, vol. 47, n° 4, p. 1023–1033. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2008.10.028
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ISSN of the journal0028-3932
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