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Scientific article
Open access
English

Psychotic symptoms influence the development of anterior cingulate BOLD variability in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome

Published inSchizophrenia Research, vol. 193, p. 319-328
Publication date2018
Abstract

Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with a broad phenotype of clinical, cognitive and psychiatric features. Due to the very high prevalence of schizophrenia (30-40%), the investigation of psychotic symptoms in the syndrome is promising to reveal biomarkers for the development of psychosis, also in the general population. Since schizophrenia is seen as a disorder of the dynamic interactions between brain networks, we here investigated brain dynamics, assessed by the variability of blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signals, in patients with psychotic symptoms. We included 28 patients with 22q11DS presenting higher positive psychotic symptoms, 29 patients with lower positive psychotic symptoms and 69 healthy controls between 10 and 30years old. To overcome limitations of mass-univariate approaches, we employed multivariate analysis, namely partial least squares correlation, combined with proper statistical testing, to analyze resting-state BOLD signal variability and its age-relationship in patients with positive psychotic symptoms. Our results revealed a missing positive age-relationship in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) in patients with higher positive psychotic symptoms, leading to globally lower variability in the dACC in those patients. Patients without positive psychotic symptoms and healthy controls had the same developmental trajectory in this region. Alterations of brain structure and function in the ACC have been previously reported in 22q11DS and linked to psychotic symptoms. The present results support the implication of this region in the development of psychotic symptoms and suggest aberrant BOLD signal variability development as a potential biomarker for psychosis.

Keywords
  • BOLD signal variability
  • Psychotic symptoms
  • 22q11.2 deletion syndrome
  • Salience network
Funding
Citation (ISO format)
ZOELLER, Daniela et al. Psychotic symptoms influence the development of anterior cingulate BOLD variability in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. In: Schizophrenia Research, 2018, vol. 193, p. 319–328. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2017.08.003
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ISSN of the journal0920-9964
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