Scientific article
Open access

Microscopic Origin of the Valley Hall Effect in Transition Metal Dichalcogenides Revealed by Wavelength Dependent Mapping

Published inNano letters, vol. 17, no. 9, p. 5719-5725
Publication date2017

The band structure of many semiconducting monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) possesses two degenerate valleys, with equal and opposite Berry curvature. It has been predicted that, when illuminated with circularly polarized light, interband transitions generate an unbalanced non-equilibrium population of electrons and holes in these valleys, resulting in a finite Hall voltage at zero magnetic field when a current flows through the system. This is the so-called valley Hall effect that has recently been observed experimentally. Here, we show that this effect is mediated by photo-generated neutral excitons and charged trions, and not by inter-band transitions generating independent electrons and holes. We further demonstrate an experimental strategy, based on wavelength dependent spatial mapping of the Hall voltage, which allows the exciton and trion contributions to the valley Hall effect to be discriminated in the measurement. These results represent a significant step forward in our understanding of the microscopic origin of photo-induced valley Hall effect in semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides, and demonstrate experimentally that composite quasi-particles, such as trions, can also possess a finite Berry curvature.

  • 2D materials
  • Transition Metal Dichalcogenides
  • Valley Hall Effect
  • Excitons
  • Trions
  • Photocurrent
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - NCCR QSIT, Synergia
  • Swiss National Science Foundation - Ambizione
Citation (ISO format)
UBRIG, Nicolas et al. Microscopic Origin of the Valley Hall Effect in Transition Metal Dichalcogenides Revealed by Wavelength Dependent Mapping. In: Nano letters, 2017, vol. 17, n° 9, p. 5719–5725. doi: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02666
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
ISSN of the journal1530-6984

Technical informations

Creation08/23/2017 2:36:00 PM
First validation08/23/2017 2:36:00 PM
Update time03/15/2023 1:56:41 AM
Status update03/15/2023 1:56:40 AM
Last indexation01/17/2024 12:31:24 AM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack