Scientific article

Cutaneous iontophoresis of μ-conotoxin CnIIIC-A potent NaV1.4 antagonist with analgesic, anaesthetic and myorelaxant properties

Published inInternational journal of pharmaceutics, vol. 518, no. 1-2, p. 59-65
Publication date2017

Cutaneous iontophoretic delivery of μ-conotoxin CnIIIC (XEP), a potent peptide antagonist of the NaV1.4 sodium channel, was investigated using porcine ear skin and validated using human abdominal skin. Initial results demonstrated that cutaneous deposition of XEP following iontophoresis was superior to passive delivery and increased with current density. XEP deposition after iontophoresis at 0.1, 0.3 and 0.5mA/cm(2) for 2h and 4h was 22.4±0.4, 34.5±1.4, 57.4±7.6μg/cm(2) and 30.6±5.4, 53.9±17.2, 90.9±30.8μg/cm(2), respectively (cf. corresponding passive controls - 9.8±1.1 and 16.9±1.0μg/cm(2)). Moreover, tape-stripping studies showed that XEP was mainly adsorbed on the skin surface when administered passively. Co-iontophoresis of acetaminophen demonstrated that XEP was present in the skin as it significantly reduced convective solvent flow as evidenced by the ∼7-fold decrease in acetaminophen permeation. Shorter duration iontophoresis (15, 30 and 60min) was performed and the effect of current density (0.1, 0.3 and 0.5mA/cm(2)) and concentration (0.1 and 1mM) investigated. Skin deposition of XEP was already quantifiable after iontophoresis for 15min at the lower concentration. There was no statistically significant difference between XEP deposition in porcine and human skin. Confocal laser scanning microscopy enabled post-iontophoretic visualization of FITC-labelled XEP in the epidermis.

  • Administration
  • Cutaneous
  • Analgesics/administration & dosage/pharmacokinetics
  • Anesthetics/administration & dosage/pharmacokinetics
  • Animals
  • Conotoxins/administration & dosage/pharmacokinetics
  • Humans
  • Iontophoresis
  • NAV1.4 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel
  • Neuromuscular Agents/administration & dosage/pharmacokinetics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Skin/metabolism
  • Skin Absorption
  • Swine
  • Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Blockers/administration & dosage/pharmacokinetics
Citation (ISO format)
DEL RIO SANCHO, Sergio et al. Cutaneous iontophoresis of μ-conotoxin CnIIIC-A potent NaV1.4 antagonist with analgesic, anaesthetic and myorelaxant properties. In: International journal of pharmaceutics, 2017, vol. 518, n° 1-2, p. 59–65. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2016.12.054
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal0378-5173

Technical informations

Creation06/14/2017 9:42:00 AM
First validation06/14/2017 9:42:00 AM
Update time03/15/2023 1:47:27 AM
Status update03/15/2023 1:47:26 AM
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