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Targeting Multiple Myeloma Cancer Stem Cells with Natural Products - Lessons from Other Hematological Malignancies

Published inPlanta medica, vol. 83, no. 9, p. 752-760
Publication date2017
Abstract

Multiple myeloma is characterized by the accumulation of malignant plasma cells in the bone marrow. Multiple myeloma is the second most frequently diagnosed hematological malignancy, predominantly affecting the elderly. Despite recent advances in the development of novel therapies, multiple myeloma remains an incurable malignancy where the majority of patients relapse, develop resistance, and eventually die from the disease. This has been attributed to the fact that conventional therapy currently in use targets mainly the bulk of tumor cells, but not the tumor-initiating cancer stem cells. Cancer stem cells are a highly resistant subpopulation of cells believed to be responsible for the initiation, progression, metastasis, and relapse of cancer. Enormous efforts have been invested in the characterization of cancer stem cells. These efforts led to the characterization of key cellular signaling pathways responsible for conferring stem cell characteristics including self-renewal, differentiation, migratory, survival, and intracellular detoxification capabilities. Targeting these protective mechanisms offers a valuable strategy that may help combat a major driving force behind cancers. The use of natural products offers a promising therapeutic approach for targeting cancer stem cells. In this review, recent advances achieved in the characterization of cancer stem cells derived from hematological malignancies, with a particular focus on multiple myeloma, are discussed and major natural products that target cancer stem cells are presented. As natural products remain an essential source of novel chemical structures and medicinal leads, the exploitation of this immense reservoir is used to draw lessons in targeting multiple myeloma-cancer stem cells.

Citation (ISO format)
ISSA, Mark Elia, CRETTON, Sylvian, CUENDET, Muriel. Targeting Multiple Myeloma Cancer Stem Cells with Natural Products - Lessons from Other Hematological Malignancies. In: Planta medica, 2017, vol. 83, n° 9, p. 752–760. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-109558
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ISSN of the journal0032-0943
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