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Training-induced behavioral and brain plasticity in inhibitory control

Chavan, Camille F
Published in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2013, vol. 7, p. 427
Abstract Deficits in inhibitory control, the ability to suppress ongoing or planned motor or cognitive processes, contribute to many psychiatric and neurological disorders. The rehabilitation of inhibition-related disorders may therefore benefit from neuroplasticity-based training protocols aiming at normalizing inhibitory control proficiency and the underlying brain networks. Current literature on training-induced behavioral and brain plasticity in inhibitory control suggests that improvements may follow either from the development of automatic forms of inhibition or from the strengthening of top-down, controlled inhibition. Automatic inhibition develops in conditions of consistent and repeated associations between inhibition-triggering stimuli and stopping goals. Once established, the stop signals directly elicit inhibition, thereby bypassing slow, top-down executive control and accelerating stopping processes. In contrast, training regimens involving varying stimulus-response associations or frequent inhibition failures prevent the development of automatic inhibition and thus strengthen top-down inhibitory processes rather than bottom-up ones. We discuss these findings in terms of developing optimal inhibitory control training regimens for rehabilitation purposes.
PMID: 23914169
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SPIERER, Lucas, CHAVAN, Camille F, MANUEL, Aurélie L. Training-induced behavioral and brain plasticity in inhibitory control. In: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2013, vol. 7, p. 427.

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Deposited on : 2017-05-30

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