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A simple model of solvent-induced symmetry-breaking charge transfer in excited quadrupolar molecules

Ivanov, Anatoly I.
Published in Journal of Chemical Physics. 2017, vol. 146, no. 16, p. 164306
Abstract A simple model has been developed to describe the symmetry-breaking of the electronic distribution of AL–D–AR type molecules in the excited state, where D is an electron donor and AL and AR are identical acceptors. The origin of this process is usually associated with the interaction between the molecule and the solvent polarization that stabilizes an asymmetric and dipolar state, with a larger charge transfer on one side than on the other. An additional symmetry-breaking mechanism involving the direct Coulomb interaction of the charges on the acceptors is proposed. At the same time, the electronic coupling between the two degenerate states, which correspond to the transferred charge being localised either on AL or AR, favours a quadrupolar excited state with equal amount of charge-transfer on both sides. Because of these counteracting effects, symmetry breaking is only feasible when the electronic coupling remains below a threshold value, which depends on the solvation energy and the Coulomb repulsion energy between the charges located on AL and AR. This model allows reproducing the solvent polarity dependence of the symmetry-breaking reported recently using time-resolved infrared spectroscopy.
Keywords SolventsDielectric constantExcited statesCharge transferBand models
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Research group Groupe Vauthey
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IVANOV, Anatoly I., DEREKA, Bogdan, VAUTHEY, Eric. A simple model of solvent-induced symmetry-breaking charge transfer in excited quadrupolar molecules. In: Journal of Chemical Physics, 2017, vol. 146, n° 16, p. 164306. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:94061

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Deposited on : 2017-05-09

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