Patients' beliefs and perceptions of their participation to increase healthcare worker compliance with hand hygiene
|Published in||Infection control and hospital epidemiology. 2009, vol. 30, no. 9, p. 830-839|
|Abstract||BACKGROUND: Research suggests that patients could improve healthcare workers' compliance with hand hygiene recommendations by reminding them to cleanse their hands. OBJECTIVE: To assess patients' perceptions of a patient-participation program to improve healthcare workers' compliance with hand hygiene. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of patient knowledge and perceptions of healthcare-associated infections, hand hygiene, and patient participation, defined as the active involvement of patients in various aspects of their health care. SETTING: Large Swiss teaching hospital. RESULTS: Of 194 patients who participated, most responded that they would not feel comfortable asking a nurse (148 respondents [76%]) or a physician (150 [77%]) to perform hand hygiene, and 57 (29%) believed that this would help prevent healthcare-associated infections. In contrast, an explicit invitation from a healthcare worker to ask about hand hygiene doubled the intention to ask a nurse (from 34% to 83% of respondents; P <.001) and to ask a physician (from 30% to 78%; P <.001). In multivariate analysis, being nonreligious, having an expansive personality, being concerned about healthcare-associated infections, and believing that patient participation would prevent healthcare-associated infections were associated with the intention to ask a nurse or a physician to perform hand hygiene (P <.05). Being of Jewish, Eastern Orthodox, or Buddhist faith was associated also with increased intention to ask a nurse (P <.05), compared with being of Christian faith. CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies several sociodemographic characteristics associated with the intention to ask nurses and physicians about hand hygiene and underscores the importance of a direct invitation from healthcare workers to increase patient participation and foster patient empowerment. These findings could guide the development of future hand hygiene-promotion strategies.|
|Keywords||Adolescent — Adult — Aged — Attitude to Health — Cross Infection/ prevention & control — Cross-Sectional Studies — Female — Handwashing/ standards — Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice — Health Personnel/ psychology — Humans — Hygiene/standards — Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient/prevention & control — Male — Middle Aged — Patient Participation — Program Evaluation — Young Adult|
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|Research group||Staphylocoques dorés résistants à la méthicilline et hygiène hospitalière (330)|
|LONGTIN, Yves et al. Patients' beliefs and perceptions of their participation to increase healthcare worker compliance with hand hygiene. In: Infection control and hospital epidemiology, 2009, vol. 30, n° 9, p. 830-839. doi: 10.1086/599118 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:9397|