en
Scientific article
English

Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: cannulation techniques

Published inJournal of thoracic disease, vol. 8, no. 12, p. 3762-3773
Publication date2016
Abstract

The development of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) technology allows a new approach for the intensive care management of acute cardiac and/or respiratory failure in adult patients who are not responsive to conventional treatment. Current ECMO therapies provide a variety of options for the multidisciplinary teams who are involved in the management of these critically ill patients. In this regard, veno-venous ECMO (VV-ECMO) can provide quite complete respiratory support, even if this highly complex technique presents substantial risks, such as bleeding, thromboembolic events and infection. While VV-ECMO circuits usually include the cannulation of two vessels (double cannulation) in its classic configuration, the use of a single cannula is now possible for VV-ECMO support. Recently, experienced centers have employed more advanced approaches by cannulating three vessels (triple cannulation) which follows veno-arterio-venous (VAV) or veno-arterio-pulmonary-arterial cannulation (VAPa). However, 'triple' cannulation expands the field of application but increases the complexity of ECMO systems. In the present review, the authors focus on the indications for VV-ECMO, patient assessment prior to cannulation, the role of ultrasound-guided vessel puncture, double lumen single bicaval cannulations, and finally triple cannulation in VV-ECMO.

Keywords
  • Respiratory failure
  • veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV-ECMO)
Citation (ISO format)
BANFI, Carlo et al. Veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: cannulation techniques. In: Journal of thoracic disease, 2016, vol. 8, n° 12, p. 3762–3773. doi: 10.21037/jtd.2016.12.88
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal2072-1439
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