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Ineffective correction of PPARγ signaling in cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells undergoing repair

Published in The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology. 2016, vol. 78, p. 361-9
Abstract Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) represents a potential target to treat airway mucus hypersecretion in cystic fibrosis (CF). We aimed to determine if PPARγ is altered in CF human airway epithelial cells (HAECs), if PPARγ contributes to mucin expression and HAEC differentiation, and if PPARγ ligand therapy corrects the CF phenotype. To this end, well-differentiated CF and NCF HAEC primary cultures were wounded to monitor the expression of key genes involved in PPARγ activation and mucus homeostasis, and to evaluate the effect of a PPARγ agonist, at different times of repair. Hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (HPGD) converts prostaglandin E2 to 15-keto PGE2 (15kPGE2), an endogenous PPARγ ligand. Interestingly, PPARγ and HPGD expression dramatically decreased in CF HAECs. These changes were accompanied by an increase in the expression of MUC5B. The correlation between PPARγ and MUC5B was confirmed in an airway epithelial cell line after CFTR knock-down. Exposure of HAECs to 15kPGE2 did not correct the CF phenotype but revealed a defect in the process of basal cell (BC) differentiation. The HPGD/PPARγ axis is deregulated in primary HAEC cultures from CF patients, which may impact the maturation of BCs to differentiated luminal cells. Importantly, PPARγ therapy was inefficient in correcting the CF defect.
PMID: 27484450
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BOU SAAB, Joanna, BACCHETTA, Marc, CHANSON, Marc. Ineffective correction of PPARγ signaling in cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells undergoing repair. In: The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 2016, vol. 78, p. 361-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2016.07.035 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:93282

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Deposited on : 2017-04-07

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