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Scientific article
English

Pasteurella multocida endophthalmitis: case report and review of the literature

Published inKlinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, vol. 222, no. 3, p. 231-233
Publication date2005
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Postoperative bacterial endophthalmitis is caused by the patient's endogenous flora in most cases (80 %). Pasteurella multocida (PM) is a Gram-negative coccobacillus found in the upper respiratory tract of dogs and cats and is very rarely implicated in postoperative endophthalmitis. HISTORY AND SIGNS: We describe a case of PM endophthalmitis that developed after cataract surgery. THERAPY AND OUTCOME: Cultures of both the conjunctiva and the aqueous humor were positive for PM. Topical, intravitreous and intravenous antibiotics were administered. Despite treatment, the outcome was unfavourable and complicated by a corneal perforation. CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis of postoperative PM endophthalmitis remains poor, despite adequate treatment of the infection. A history of recent pet exposure should alert physicians to this possible aetiological factor.

Keywords
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aqueous Humor
  • Bacteriological Techniques
  • Ceftazidime/administration & dosage
  • Conjunctiva/microbiology
  • Cornea/pathology
  • Drug Therapy, Combination/administration & dosage
  • Endophthalmitis/ diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Injections
  • Male
  • Necrosis
  • Ophthalmic Solutions
  • Pasteurella Infections/ diagnosis
  • Pasteurella multocida
  • Phacoemulsification
  • Postoperative Complications/ diagnosis
  • Vancomycin/administration & dosage
  • Vitreous Body
Citation (ISO format)
DANG BURGENER, N. P. et al. Pasteurella multocida endophthalmitis: case report and review of the literature. In: Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde, 2005, vol. 222, n° 3, p. 231–233. doi: 10.1055/s-2005-857968
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0023-2165
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