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Scientific article
English

Synthesis, structure and properties of new bimetallic sodium and potassium lanthanum borohydrides

Published inDalton transactions, vol. 45, no. 47, p. 19002-19011
Publication date2016
Abstract

Two new bimetallic sodium or potassium lanthanum borohydrides, NaLa(BH4)4 and K3La(BH4)6, are formed using La(BH4)3 free of metal halide by-products. NaLa(BH4)4 crystallizes in an orthorhombic crystal system with unit cell parameters, a = 6.7987(19), b = 17.311(5), c = 7.2653(19) Å and space group symmetry Pbcn. This compound has a new structure type built from brucite-like layers of octahedra (hcp packing of anions) with half of the octahedral sites empty leading to octahedral chains similar to rutile (straight chains) or α-PbO2 (zig-zag chains). K3La(BH4)6 crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal system with unit cell parameters a = 7.938(2), b = 8.352(2), c = 11.571(3) Å, β = 90.19(6)° and space group P21/n with a double-perovskite type structure. Thermogravimetric analysis shows a mass loss of 5.86 and 2.83 wt% for NaLa(BH4)4 and K3La(BH4)6, respectively, in the temperature range of room temperature to 400 °C. Mass spectrometry shows that hydrogen release starts at 212 and 275 °C for NaLa(BH4)4 and K3La(BH4)6, respectively and confirms that no diborane is released. Sieverts' measurements reveal that 2.03 and 0.49 wt% of hydrogen can be released from the NaLa(BH4)4 and K3La(BH4)6, respectively, during the second hydrogen desorption cycle at the selected physical condition for hydrogen absorption.

Keywords
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Metal hydride
  • Powder diffraction
Research group
Funding
  • European Commission - Novel Complex Metal Hydrides for Efficient and Compact Storage of Renewable Energy as Hydrogen and Electricity [607040]
Citation (ISO format)
PAYANDEH GHARIBDOUST, SeyedHosein et al. Synthesis, structure and properties of new bimetallic sodium and potassium lanthanum borohydrides. In: Dalton transactions, 2016, vol. 45, n° 47, p. 19002–19011. doi: 10.1039/C6DT03671F
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1477-9226
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