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Polarized secretion of urokinase-type plasminogen activator by epithelial cells

Ragno, P.
Estreicher, A.
Gos, A.
Published in Experimental cell research. 1992, vol. 203, no. 1, p. 236-243
Abstract Numerous epithelial cell types produce and secrete plasminogen activators (PAs) and/or PA inhibitors (PAIs). When epithelial cells were grown on polycarbonate filters and their apical and basolateral secretion products analyzed, PA activity accumulated in a highly polarized fashion; depending upon the cell line, the compartment of PA accumulation was either apical (MDCK I cells and HBL-100 cells) or basolateral (LLC-PK1, CaCo-2, and HeLa cells). By contrast, PAI-1 was recovered in roughly equal amounts in both compartments. Basolateral accumulation of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA), but not its apical targeting, required an acidic compartment and the integrity of the cytoskeleton. Polarity of uPA accumulation did not result from removal of the free enzyme from the opposite compartment through its binding to the cell surface. Transfection with wild-type or mutated murine uPA demonstrated that neither the "growth factor" domain nor the kringle domain is required for the appropriate sorting of the protein. We propose that polarized secretion of PAs is one mechanism whereby cells spatially control extracellular proteolysis.
Keywords Ammonium Chloride/pharmacologyAnimalsCell LineCell Membrane/ enzymologyColchicine/pharmacologyEpithelium/enzymologyExtracellular Matrix/physiologyHela CellsHumansIsoflurophate/pharmacologyMicePlasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1/metabolismTransfectionTumor Cells, CulturedUrokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator/genetics/ metabolism/secretion
PMID: 1426044
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RAGNO, P. et al. Polarized secretion of urokinase-type plasminogen activator by epithelial cells. In: Experimental cell research, 1992, vol. 203, n° 1, p. 236-243. doi: 10.1016/0014-4827(92)90060-l https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:9249

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