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Manipulating gaze direction and emotion expression to differentiate between beauty and attractiveness

Denomination Maîtrise universitaire interdisciplinaire en neurosciences
Defense Maîtrise : Univ. Genève, 2017
Abstract Attractiveness and beauty have been mainly treated as synonyms in the literature. However, the two aesthetic judgments might reflect different motivations. Attractiveness may relate to a mating drive whereas beauty may relate to a general aesthetic appraisal of the face. The former may be more personal whereas the latter may be more general. In the animal and clinical literature, dissociation between wanting (motivation to engage obtain a reward) and liking (pleasure from reward consumption) has been identified. It is possible that attractiveness may reflect the wanting aspect whereas beauty may reflect the liking aspect of an evaluation of a face. Here, we made the first attempt to dissociate beauty and attractiveness in a healthy population. In particular, gaze direction, head position and smiling have been shown to influence attractiveness. Here, we hypothesised that these social cues would be less influential on beauty judgments compared to attractiveness judgments. We varied gaze direction, head position, and facial expression on computer-modelled male faces and asked 92 young (M = 20.92) heterosexual females to separately rate attractiveness and beauty of these faces...
Keywords AttractivenessBeautyFacesEmotional expressionsEye gaze direction
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Research group Emergence et expression de l'émotion (E3 Lab)
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JONAUSKAITE, Domicele. Manipulating gaze direction and emotion expression to differentiate between beauty and attractiveness. Université de Genève. Maîtrise, 2017. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:92329

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Deposited on : 2017-03-03

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