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Scientific article
English

Adult age differences, response management, and cue focality in event-based prospective memory: a meta-analysis on the role of task order specificity

Published inPsychology and aging, vol. 28, no. 3, p. 714-720
Publication date2013
Abstract

The present meta-analysis investigated whether event-based prospective memory (PM) age effects differ by task order specificity. In specified PM tasks, the order of the ongoing and the PM task response is predetermined, which imposes demands on cognitive control to navigate the possible response options. In contrast, unspecified PM tasks do not require responding in a particular order. Based on 57 studies and more than 5,500 younger and older adults, results showed larger PM age effects in specified compared with unspecified PM tasks. Additionally, the effect of task focality on age differences was replicated. Results suggest that both pre- and postretrieval processes independently affect PM age effects.

Keywords
  • Prospective memory
  • Age effects
  • Task switching
  • Dual task
  • Meta-analysis
Citation (ISO format)
IHLE, Andreas et al. Adult age differences, response management, and cue focality in event-based prospective memory: a meta-analysis on the role of task order specificity. In: Psychology and aging, 2013, vol. 28, n° 3, p. 714–720. doi: 10.1037/a0033653
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ISSN of the journal0882-7974
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