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Title

Encoding and retrieval processes in velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS)

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Published in Neuropsychology. 2008, vol. 22, no. 2, p. 226-34
Abstract Velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS) is a neurogenetic disorder associated with very high risk for developing schizophrenia. More than half of affected individuals experience transient psychotic symptoms during childhood and a third may develop schizophrenia. Memory regulation deficits disturbing both the encoding and retrieval stages of memory represent core deficits in the cognitive profile associated with schizophrenia. In this study, the authors investigate memory regulation processes in 33 individuals with VCFS along with 33 age- and sex-matched control participants. By using a directed forgetting paradigm and a continuous recognition paradigm, the authors examined selective encoding and suppression of irrelevant contents during retrieval in VCFS. Group comparison analyses revealed comparable performances on selective encoding and recognition accuracy between the VCFS group and control group. However, individuals with VCFS were more likely to make false recognitions and showed deficits in the suppression of irrelevant contents. Results suggest that trait-like deficits of memory regulation in VCFS can be observed during the retrieval stage, while selective encoding remains efficient. Memory regulation processes during retrieval may constitute a trait deficit in the memory profile of individuals with VCFS and may contribute to the cognitive deficits underlying an increased risk for developing schizophrenia in this population.
Keywords AdolescentAdultChildDiGeorge Syndrome/complications/psychologyFemaleHumansIntelligence TestsMaleMemory/physiologyMental Recall/physiologyNeuropsychological TestsPsychiatric Status Rating ScalesPsychomotor Performance/physiologyPsychotic Disorders/etiology/psychologyRecognition (Psychology)/physiologySchizophrenic Psychology
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PMID: 18331165
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Research groups Unité de psychologie clinique de l'adolescence (UPCA)
Laboratoire d'imagerie et de psychopathologie développementale (693)
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DEBBANÉ, Martin, GLASER, Bronwyn, ELIEZ, Stéphan. Encoding and retrieval processes in velo-cardio-facial syndrome (VCFS). In: Neuropsychology, 2008, vol. 22, n° 2, p. 226-34. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:912

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Deposited on : 2009-02-24

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