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Title

Comparative Study of Refractive Errors, Strabismus, Microsaccades, and Visual Perception Between Preterm and Full-Term Children With Infantile Cerebral Palsy

Authors
Kozeis, Nikolaos
Zafeiriou, Dimitrios I
de Gottrau, Philippe
Gatzioufas, Zisis
Published in Journal of Child Neurology. 2015, vol. 30, no. 8, p. 972-975
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the refractive status, orthoptic status and visual perception in a group of preterm and another of full-term children with cerebral palsy, in order to investigate whether prematurity has an effect on the development of refractive errors and binocular disorders. A hundred school-aged children, 70 preterm and 30 full-term, with congenital cerebral palsy were examined. Differences for hypermetropia, myopia, and emmetropia were not statistically significant between the 2 groups. Astigmatism was significantly increased in the preterm group. The orthoptic status was similar for both groups. Visual perception was markedly reduced in both groups, but the differences were not significant. In conclusion, children with cerebral palsy have impaired visual skills, leading to reading difficulties. The presence of prematurity does not appear to represent an additional risk factor for the development of refractive errors and binocular disorders.
Keywords AdolescentAge FactorsCerebral Palsy/complicationsChildChild, PreschoolFemaleHumansMalePerceptual Disorders/etiologyPremature Birth/physiopathologyRefractive Errors/etiologyStrabismus/etiologyVisual AcuityVisual Perception/physiology
Identifiers
PMID: 25296927
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KOZEIS, Nikolaos et al. Comparative Study of Refractive Errors, Strabismus, Microsaccades, and Visual Perception Between Preterm and Full-Term Children With Infantile Cerebral Palsy. In: Journal of Child Neurology, 2015, vol. 30, n° 8, p. 972-975. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:90482

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Deposited on : 2016-12-16

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