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Radiological assessment of irreducible posterolateral knee subluxation after dislocation due to interposition of the vastus medialis: a case report

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Published in Skeletal Radiology. 2015, vol. 44, no. 6, p. 883-888
Abstract Knee dislocation is a serious and relatively uncommon traumatism that every emergency room is supposed to diagnose and treat rapidly. Most of the time these dislocations reduce spontaneously or with closed reduction. If a subluxation persists, an incarceration of soft tissue in the joint must be suspected. Irreducible knee subluxations after dislocation are rare entities better described in the orthopaedic than in the radiological literature. However, the initial radiological assessment is an important tool to obtain the correct diagnosis, to detect neurovascular complications, and to plan the most suitable treatment. In cases of delayed diagnosis, the functional prognosis of the joint and even the limb may be seriously compromised primarily because of vascular lesions. Thereby, vascular imaging is essential in cases of dislocation of the knee, and we will discuss the role of angiography and the more recent use of computed tomography angiography or magnetic resonance angiography. Our patient presented with an irreducible knee subluxation due to interposition of the vastus medialis, and we will review the classical clinical presentation and 'do not miss' imaging findings on conventional radiography, computed tomography angiography, and magnetic resonance imaging. Finally, we will also report the classical imaging pathway indicated in knee dislocation, with a special emphasis on the irreducible form.
Keywords Diagnosis, DifferentialDiagnostic Imaging/methodsHumansKnee Dislocation/diagnosis/etiologyKnee Injuries/complications/diagnosisMaleMiddle AgedMuscle, Skeletal/injuries/pathology/radiography
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PMID: 25560996
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Article (Published version) (1.1 MB) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
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Research group Imagerie et radiologie interventionnelle du foie, des voies biliaires et du pancréas (316)
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PAULIN, Emilie et al. Radiological assessment of irreducible posterolateral knee subluxation after dislocation due to interposition of the vastus medialis: a case report. In: Skeletal Radiology, 2015, vol. 44, n° 6, p. 883-888. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:90459

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Deposited on : 2016-12-16

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