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Scientific article
Open access
English

Attentional Bias for Positive Emotional Stimuli: A Meta-Analytic Investigation

Published inPsychological bulletin, vol. 142, no. 1, p. 79-106
Publication date2016
Abstract

Despite an initial focus on negative threatening stimuli, researchers have more recently expanded the investigation of attentional biases toward positive rewarding stimuli. The present meta-analysis system- atically compared attentional bias for positive compared with neutral visual stimuli across 243 studies (N = 9,120 healthy participants) that used different types of attentional paradigms and positive stimuli. Factors were tested that, as postulated by several attentional models derived from theories of emotion, might modulate this bias. Overall, results showed a significant, albeit modest (Hedges'g = .258), attentional bias for positive as compared with neutral stimuli. Moderator analyses revealed that the magnitude of this attentional bias varied as a function of arousal and that this bias was significantly larger when the emotional stimulus was relevant to specific concerns (e.g., hunger) of the participants compared with other positive stimuli that were less relevant to the participants' concerns. Moreover, the moderator analyses showed that attentional bias for positive stimuli was larger in paradigms that measure early, rather than late, attentional processing, suggesting that attentional bias for positive stimuli occurs rapidly and involuntarily. Implications for theories of emotion and attention are discussed.

Keywords
  • Attentional bias
  • Positive emotion
  • Reward
  • Emotional theories
  • Attention
Citation (ISO format)
POOL, Eva et al. Attentional Bias for Positive Emotional Stimuli: A Meta-Analytic Investigation. In: Psychological bulletin, 2016, vol. 142, n° 1, p. 79–106. doi: 10.1037/bul0000026
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Article (Published version)
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ISSN of the journal0033-2909
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