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Characterization of a novel gene, C21orf2, on human chromosome 21q22.3 and its exclusion as the APECED gene by mutation analysis

Authors
Kyriakou, D. S.
Peterson, P.
Heino, M.
Tahtinen, M.
Krohn, K.
Chen, H.
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Published in Genomics. 1998, vol. 47, no. 1, p. 64-70
Abstract Exon trapping was performed from a partial cosmid, PAC, and P1 clone contig from human chromosome 21 between MX1 and 21qter to identify genes that may be involved in the pathogenesis of Down syndrome or several of the genetic diseases that map to chromosome 21q22.3. One 19-bp exon showed identity to three ESTs. The complete sequence of the EST clones, RT-PCR, and cDNA library screening were used to determine the full-length cDNA sequence of 2.2 kb with an open reading frame of 256-amino-acids. The putative 256-amino-acid peptide has homology with a hypothetical Caehorhabditis elegans protein of unknown function. Northern blot analysis of this gene, termed C21orf2 (chromosome 21 open reading frame 2), revealed two ubiquitously expressed mRNAs of 2.2 and 1.2 kb produced by use of alternative polyadenylation sites. Hybridization of the EST clones to a cosmid contig in chromosome 21q22.3 mapped C21orf2 just distal to PFKL, a critical mapping region for several genetic diseases. Comparison to publicly available genomic sequence, and additional data, revealed that the gene is split into seven exons over 10.5 kb, further refining the mapping position to only 1.2 kb distal to PFKL with the direction of transcription toward the centromere. The 5'UTR is contiguous with D21S400, and intron 2 contains a 52-bp VNTR polymorphism. Given its mapping position, C21orf2 is a candidate for involvement in disorders including autoimmune polyglandular disease type I (also called autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidiasis ectodermal dystrophy or APECED) and the autosomal nonsyndromic deafness loci, DFNB8 and DFNB10. Mutation analysis using sequencing of RT-PCR and genomic DNA-derived PCR products, SSCP, and Southern and Northern blot analyses in APECED patients excluded C21orf2 as the gene for APECED.
Keywords Amino Acid SequenceBase SequenceChromosome MappingChromosomes, Human, Pair 21Cloning, MolecularDNA Mutational AnalysisHumansMolecular Sequence DataPolyendocrinopathies, Autoimmune/ geneticsProteins/ genetics/metabolismTissue Distribution
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PMID: 9465297
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SCOTT, Hamish Steele et al. Characterization of a novel gene, C21orf2, on human chromosome 21q22.3 and its exclusion as the APECED gene by mutation analysis. In: Genomics, 1998, vol. 47, n° 1, p. 64-70. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:9030

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