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Title

The effect of histidine-228 on the catalytic efficiency and stereospecificity of the serine hydroxymethyltransferase catalysed exchange of the alpha-protons of amino acids

Authors
Malthouse, J P
Published in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1998, vol. 1386, no. 1, p. 220-226
Abstract 13C-NMR has been used to determine how replacing the histidine-228 residue of serine hydroxymethyltransferase (EC 2.1.2.1) by an asparagine residue effects the catalysis of the hydrogen-deuterium exchange of the alpha-protons of [2-13C]glycine at pH 7.8. The H228N mutation did not lead to a large change in the stereospecificity of the first order exchange rates of the alpha-protons of glycine both in the presence and in the absence of tetrahydrofolate. However, the mutation did lead to large decreases in the stereospecificity of the second order exchange rate in both the presence and the absence of tetrahydrofolate. In the absence of tetrahydrofolate this decrease in stereospecificity was largely due to the decrease in the second order exchange rate of the pro-2S proton, while in the presence of tetrahydrofolate the large increase in the second order exchange rate of the pro-2R proton of glycine made a major contribution. We conclude that the H228N mutation has significant effects on the catalytic efficiency and stereospecificity of the second order exchange reactions, but only a small effect on the corresponding first order exchange reactions.
Keywords AsparagineCoenzymesGlycine/metabolismGlycine Hydroxymethyltransferase/genetics/metabolismHistidine/geneticsModelsChemicalMutationProtonsPyridoxal PhosphateStereoisomerismSubstrate Specificity
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PMID: 9675289
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FITZPATRICK, Thérésa Bridget, MALTHOUSE, J P. The effect of histidine-228 on the catalytic efficiency and stereospecificity of the serine hydroxymethyltransferase catalysed exchange of the alpha-protons of amino acids. In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1998, vol. 1386, n° 1, p. 220-226. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:89537

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