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Title

Prenatal diagnosis for congenital afibrinogenemia caused by a novel nonsense mutation in the FGB gene in a Palestinian family

Authors
Abu-Libdeh, Bassam
Published in Blood. 2003, vol. 101, no. 9, p. 3492-3494
Abstract Congenital afibrinogenemia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the complete absence of detectable fibrinogen. We previously identified the first causative mutations for this disease, homozygous deletions of approximately 11 kb of the fibrinogen alpha chain gene (FGA). Subsequent analyses revealed that most afibrinogenemia alleles are truncating mutations of FGA, although mutations in all 3 fibrinogen genes, FGG, FGA and FGB have been identified. In this study, we performed the first prenatal diagnosis for afibrinogenemia. The causative mutation in a Palestinian family was a novel nonsense mutation in the FGB gene, Trp467Stop (W467X). Expression of the Trp467Stop mutant FGB cDNA in combination with wild-type FGA and FGG cDNAs showed that fibrinogen molecules containing the mutant beta chain are not secreted into the media. The fetus was found to be heterozygous for the Trp467Stop mutation by direct sequencing and by linkage analysis, a result that was confirmed in the newborn by intermediate fibrinogen levels.
Keywords Abortion, SpontaneousAfibrinogenemia/ diagnosis/embryology/geneticsAmino Acid SequenceAmniocentesisArabs/ geneticsCodon/geneticsCodon, NonsenseConsanguinityDNA, Complementary/geneticsFemaleFetal Diseases/ diagnosis/geneticsFibrinogen/chemistry/ geneticsGenes, RecessiveGenetic Predisposition to DiseaseHemorrhagic Disorders/geneticsHumansInfant, NewbornMaleMolecular Sequence DataPedigree
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PMID: 12511408
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NEERMAN ARBEZ, Marguerite et al. Prenatal diagnosis for congenital afibrinogenemia caused by a novel nonsense mutation in the FGB gene in a Palestinian family. In: Blood, 2003, vol. 101, n° 9, p. 3492-3494. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:8937

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Deposited on : 2010-07-12

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