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Title

Retinal damage by light in the golden hamster: an ultrastructural study in the retinal pigment epithelium and Bruch's membrane

Authors
Bartz-Schmidt, K U
Kociok, N
Kayatz, P
Heimann, K
Schraermeyer, U
Published in Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology. 1999, vol. 49, no. 2-3, p. 104-111
Abstract The mechanism of the toxicity of light on the retina remains unclear despite a large number of investigations. The purpose of this study is to identify and localize the ultrastructural changes and the site of the earliest damage after intense light exposure. Nine adult Syrian golden hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) have been maintained under constant illumination with a high-pressure mercury lamp (HQJ R 80 W Deluxe, Osram, Berlin, light intensity 1000 lx) for 12 h, followed by an additional 3 h in the dark. Light damage is assessed by light and electron microscopy. Morphological evaluation reveals focal damage to the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in close proximity to less-affected RPE cells and normal photoreceptors. Collagen fibers in Bruch's membrane lose their parallel orientation. Occasionally, fusion of cell membranes of neighboring rod outer segments (ROS) is also observed. Continuous, 12 h exposure of hamsters to intense light results in initial focal damage to some RPE cells, such that severely damaged RPE cells are found adjacent to intact RPE cells. Only slight damage to the photoreceptors is evident, suggesting that the sequence of the pathological changes resulting from light begins with damage to the RPE cells and associated Bruch's membrane.
Keywords AnimalsBruch Membrane/radiation effects/ultrastructureCricetinaeLightMesocricetusMicroscopy, ElectronPigment Epithelium of Eye/radiation effects/ultrastructureRetina/radiation effects
Identifiers
PMID: 10392460
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THUMANN, Gabriele et al. Retinal damage by light in the golden hamster: an ultrastructural study in the retinal pigment epithelium and Bruch's membrane. In: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology, 1999, vol. 49, n° 2-3, p. 104-111. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:89347

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Deposited on : 2016-11-23

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