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Emotions, Me, Myself and I

Published in International Journal of Philosophical Studies. 2016, vol. 24, no. 4, p. 433-451
Abstract Abstract We are prone to think that the emotions someone undergoes are somehow revelatory of the sort of person she is, and philosophers working in the field have frequently insisted upon the existence of an intimate relation between a subject and her emotions. But how intimate is the relation between emotions and the self? I first explain why interesting claims about this relation must locate it at the level of emotional intentionality. Given that emotions have a complex intentional structure—they are about an object and evaluate it—this means that the relation between emotions and the self may take different shapes. My discussion focuses on three different claims about this relation. According to the first claim, all emotions are about the subject who undergoes them. The second claim appeals to a more moderate form of reflexivity and affirms that emotions always feature a representation of other psychological states of the subject. The third understands the relation between emotions and the self in evaluative terms: emotions are said to evaluate relationally, one of the terms of this relation being the subject who undergoes it. I argue that all three claims apply, at best, only to a limited subset of emotions and that they must sometimes give way to claims that do not presuppose any intentional connection between emotions and the self.
Keywords EmotionSelfIdentityIntentionalityReflexivityPhilosophy of Mind
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Research groups Affective sciences
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TERONI, Fabrice. Emotions, Me, Myself and I. In: International Journal of Philosophical Studies, 2016, vol. 24, n° 4, p. 433-451. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:89235

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Deposited on : 2016-11-22

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