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The molecular basis of inherited afibrinogenaemia

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Published in Thrombosis and Haemostasis. 2001, vol. 86, no. 1, p. 154-163
Abstract This article reviews the substantial progress made in understanding the molecular basis of inherited afibrinogenaemia (or congenital afibrinogenaemia), an autosomal recessive disorder characterised by the complete absence of detectable fibrinogen. The identification in 1999 of the first genetic defect, recurrent homozygous deletions of approximately 11 kb of the fibrinogen alpha-chain (FGA) gene, revealed that the disease was caused by defective fibrinogen synthesis, and led to the subsequent analysis of the three fibrinogen genes in other affected individuals with the identification of numerous causative mutations. Combined analyses of more than thirty unrelated afibrinogenaemia families from various ethnic groups have shown that the majority of patients have truncating mutations in the FGA gene although intuitively all three fibrinogen genes might be equally implicated. These results will facilitate molecular diagnosis of the disorder, permit prenatal diagnosis for families who so desire, and pave the way for new therapeutic approaches such as gene therapy.
Keywords Afibrinogenemia/congenital/etiology/ geneticsBase SequenceCodon, NonsenseFamily HealthFibrinogen/biosynthesis/geneticsHumansMolecular Sequence DataMutationPedigreeRNA Splice Sites/genetics
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PMID: 11487003
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NEERMAN ARBEZ, Marguerite. The molecular basis of inherited afibrinogenaemia. In: Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 2001, vol. 86, n° 1, p. 154-163. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:8923

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Deposited on : 2010-07-12

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