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Caloric Restriction Leads to Browning of White Adipose Tissue through Type 2 Immune Signaling

Colin, Didier J.
Published in Cell Metabolism. 2016, vol. 24, no. 3, p. 434-446
Abstract Caloric restriction (CR) extends lifespan from yeast to mammals, delays onset of age-associated diseases, and improves metabolic health. We show that CR stimulates development of functional beige fat within the subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue, contributing to decreased white fat and adipocyte size in lean C57BL/6 and BALB/c mice kept at room temperature or at thermoneutrality and in obese leptin-deficient mice. These metabolic changes are mediated by increased eosinophil infiltration, type 2 cytokine signaling, and M2 macrophage polarization in fat of CR animals. Suppression of the type 2 signaling, using Il4ra(-/-), Stat6(-/-), or mice transplanted with Stat6(-/-) bone marrow-derived hematopoietic cells, prevents the CR-induced browning and abrogates the subcutaneous fat loss and the metabolic improvements induced by CR. These results provide insights into the overall energy homeostasis during CR, and they suggest beige fat development as a common feature in conditions of negative energy balance.
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FABBIANO, Salvatore et al. Caloric Restriction Leads to Browning of White Adipose Tissue through Type 2 Immune Signaling. In: Cell Metabolism, 2016, vol. 24, n° 3, p. 434-446. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:89218

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Deposited on : 2016-11-21

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