UNIGE document Scientific Article
previous document  unige:89182  next document
add to browser collection
Title

The role of working memory, inhibition, and processing speed in text comprehension in children

Authors
Published in Learning and Individual Differences. 2014, vol. 34, p. 86-92
Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate age-related differences in text comprehension performance in 10- to 12-year-old children, analyzing the joint influence of working memory (WM), inhibition-related mechanisms, and processing speed. Children were administered: i) a text comprehension task in which the memory load was manipulated by allowing them to see the text while answering or withdrawing the text (text-present versus text-absent conditions); and ii)WM, inhibition and processing speed tasks. Results showed that age-related differenceswere not significant in the text-present condition,whereas older children performed better than younger ones in the text-absent condition. Regression analyses indicated that onlyWMaccounted for a significant part of the variance in the text-present condition, whereas in the text-absent condition comprehension performance was explained by the combined contribution of WMand resistance to distractor interference. These findings confirm the crucial role of WM capacity in text processing and indicate that specific inhibitory mechanisms are involved in children's text processing when the comprehension task involves memory load.
Identifiers
Full text
Article (Published version) (281 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Structures
Citation
(ISO format)
BORELLA, Erika, DE RIBAUPIERRE, Anik. The role of working memory, inhibition, and processing speed in text comprehension in children. In: Learning and Individual Differences, 2014, vol. 34, p. 86-92. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:89182

41 hits

0 download

Update

Deposited on : 2016-11-21

Export document
Format :
Citation style :