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Scientific article
English

The role of working memory, inhibition, and processing speed in text comprehension in children

Published inLearning and individual differences, vol. 34, p. 86-92
Publication date2014
Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate age-related differences in text comprehension performance in 10- to 12-year-old children, analyzing the joint influence of working memory (WM), inhibition-related mechanisms, and processing speed. Children were administered: i) a text comprehension task in which the memory load was manipulated by allowing them to see the text while answering or withdrawing the text (text-present versus text-absent conditions); and ii)WM, inhibition and processing speed tasks. Results showed that age-related differenceswere not significant in the text-present condition,whereas older children performed better than younger ones in the text-absent condition. Regression analyses indicated that onlyWMaccounted for a significant part of the variance in the text-present condition, whereas in the text-absent condition comprehension performance was explained by the combined contribution of WMand resistance to distractor interference. These findings confirm the crucial role of WM capacity in text processing and indicate that specific inhibitory mechanisms are involved in children's text processing when the comprehension task involves memory load.

Citation (ISO format)
BORELLA, Erika, DE RIBAUPIERRE, Anik. The role of working memory, inhibition, and processing speed in text comprehension in children. In: Learning and individual differences, 2014, vol. 34, p. 86–92. doi: 10.1016/j.lindif.2014.05.001
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ISSN of the journal1041-6080
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