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Title

A guide for health professionals to interpret and use recommendations in guidelines developed with the GRADE approach

Authors
Neumann, Ignacio
Santesso, Nancy
Akl, Elie A
Rind, David M
Vandvik, Per Olav
Alonso-Coello, Pablo
Mustafa, Reem A
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Published in Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. 2016, vol. 72, p. 45-55
Abstract An increasing number of organizations worldwide are using new and improved standards for developing trustworthy clinical guidelines. One of such approaches, developed by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) working group, offers systematic and transparent guidance in moving from evidence to recommendations. The GRADE strategy concentrates on four factors: the balance between benefits and harms, the certainty of the evidence, values and preferences, and resource considerations. However, it also considers issues around feasibility, equity, and acceptability of recommendations. GRADE distinguishes two types of recommendations: strong and weak. Strong recommendations reflect a clear preference for one alternative and should apply to all or almost all patients, obviating the need for a careful review of the evidence with each patient. Weak recommendations are appropriate when there is a close balance between desirable and undesirable consequences of alternative management strategies, uncertainty regarding the effects of the alternatives, uncertainty or variability in patients' values and preferences, or questionable cost-effectiveness. Weak recommendations usually require accessing the underlying evidence and a shared decision-making approach. Clinicians using GRADE recommendations should understand the meaning of the strength of the recommendation, be able to critically appraise the recommendation, and apply trustworthy recommendations according to their strength.
Keywords Decision MakingEducation, Medical/methods/standardsEvidence-Based Medicine/standardsFemaleHealth Personnel/educationHumansMalePractice Guidelines as Topic/standardsQuality of Health Care
Identifiers
PMID: 26772609
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Article (Published version) (173 Kb) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
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Research group Epidémiologie clinique (115)
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NEUMANN, Ignacio et al. A guide for health professionals to interpret and use recommendations in guidelines developed with the GRADE approach. In: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 2016, vol. 72, p. 45-55. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:89139

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Deposited on : 2016-11-21

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