en
Scientific article
English

Stain susceptibility of composite and ceramic CAD/CAM blocks versus direct resin composites with different resinous matrices

Published inOdontology, vol. 105, p. 162-169
Publication date2017
Abstract

To evaluate the stain susceptibility of CAD/CAM blocks and direct composite after long term exposure to various staining agents. 40 disk-shaped samples were fabricated from each of nine materials; six CAD/CAM (Vitablocs Mark II, Paradigm MZ100, Experimental Vita Hybrid Ceramic, Vita Enamic, Experimental Kerr and Lava Ultimate) and three direct composites (Filtek Supreme, Venus Diamond and Filtek Silorane). Samples were randomly divided into five groups (n = 8) according to different staining solutions (distilled water, tea, red wine, coffee and artificial saliva). Initial L*a*b* values were assessed using a calibrated digital spectrophotometer. Specimens were immersed in staining solutions and stored in an incubator at 37 °C for 120 days. L*a*b* values were assessed again and color change (∆E) was calculated as difference between recorded L*a*b* values. ANOVA, and Duncan test were used to identify differences between groups (α = 0.05). Significant differences in ∆E values were detected between materials (p = 0.000). Among all staining solutions, the highest ∆E value was observed with red wine. The new CAD/CAM blocks (Vita Enamic, Vita Hybrid Ceramic and Lava Ultimate) showed the highest resistance to staining compared to the MZ100 composite resin blocks. Filtek Silorane, a direct composite, showed high stain resistance values compared to CAD/CAM materials and other direct composites. Ceramic and composite CAD/CAM blocks had lower staining susceptibility than methacrylate based direct composite. Staining susceptibility of the new resin based CAD/CAM materials Vita Enamic and Lava Ultimate was comparable to feldspathic ceramic blocks (Vitablocs Mark II). Filtek Silorane showed promising results that were comparable to some CAD/CAM blocks.

Keywords
  • CAD/CAM materials
  • Ceramic
  • Color
  • Composite
  • Staining
Citation (ISO format)
ALHARBI, Amal et al. Stain susceptibility of composite and ceramic CAD/CAM blocks versus direct resin composites with different resinous matrices. In: Odontology, 2017, vol. 105, p. 162–169. doi: 10.1007/s10266-016-0258-1
Main files (1)
Article (Published version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal1618-1247
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