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Title

Can submerged macrophytes be effective for controlling waterborne phytopathogens in irrigation ponds? An experimental approach using microcosms

Authors
Juan, Melchor
Casas, J. Jesús
Elorrieta, M. Antonia
Bonachela, Santiago
Fuentes-Rodríguez, Francisca
Fenoy, Encarnación
Published in Hydrobiologia. 2014, vol. 732, no. 1, p. 183-196
Abstract Irrigation ponds may act as a source of phytopathogenic species that might infest crops through the irrigation systems. Many studies have shown that submerged macrophytes can improve water clarity by out-competing phytoplankton by means of various mechanisms: favoured phytoplankton- grazing zooplankton, reduced nutrient and light availability, increased sinking losses and the release of allelopathically active substances. However, less information is available on the effects of submerged macrophytes on heterotrophic aquatic organisms such as pathogenic bacteria, fungi or oomycete species. This paper studies the effects of three submerged macrophytes—Chara fragilis, Potamogeton pectinatus and Najas marina—on the viability in water of propagules of two phytopathogenic isolates of the oomycetes Pythium aphanidermatum and Pythium ultimum. Moreover, we tested general antimicrobial properties (against bacteria and fungi in water) for these macrophytes. The results showed clear inhibitory effects of all three macrophytes on bacterial density in water and of C. fragilis on the viability of Pythium. Thus, preserving aquatic vegetation in irrigation ponds (i.e. charophytes), besides its purely environmental interest, may have important agronomic benefits owing to their role as biological control against some phytopathogenic agents.
Keywords BacteriaBiological controlDrip irrigationFungiPythiumWater quality
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Article (Published version) (1.1 MB) - document accessible for UNIGE members only Limited access to UNIGE
Other version: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s10750-014-1875-8
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JUAN, Melchor et al. Can submerged macrophytes be effective for controlling waterborne phytopathogens in irrigation ponds? An experimental approach using microcosms. In: Hydrobiologia, 2014, vol. 732, n° 1, p. 183-196. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:88994

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Deposited on : 2016-11-16

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