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The myofibroblast in wound healing and fibrosis: answered and unanswered questions

Published in F1000Research. 2016, vol. 5
Abstract The discovery of the myofibroblast has allowed definition of the cell responsible for wound contraction and for the development of fibrotic changes. This review summarizes the main features of the myofibroblast and the mechanisms of myofibroblast generation. Myofibroblasts originate from a variety of cells according to the organ and the type of lesion. The mechanisms of myofibroblast contraction, which appear clearly different to those of smooth muscle cell contraction, are described. Finally, we summarize the possible strategies in order to reduce myofibroblast activities and thus influence several pathologies, such as hypertrophic scars and organ fibrosis.
PMID: 27158462
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Research group Bochaton-Piallat Marie-Luce (pathologie et immunologie) (646)
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BOCHATON-PIALLAT, Marie-Luce, GABBIANI, Giulio, HINZ, Boris. The myofibroblast in wound healing and fibrosis: answered and unanswered questions. In: F1000Research, 2016, vol. 5. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.8190.1 https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:88487

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Deposited on : 2016-10-28

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