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Title

A PCR amplification method reveals instability of the dodecamer repeat in progressive myoclonus epilepsy (EPM1) and no correlation between the size of the repeat and age at onset

Authors
Lalioti, M. D.
Genton, P.
Grid, D.
Ouazzani, R.
M'Rabet, A.
Ibrahim, S.
Gouider, R.
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Published in American Journal of Human Genetics. 1998, vol. 62, no. 4, p. 842-847
Abstract Progressive myoclonus epilepsy of the Unverricht-Lundborg type (EPM1) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by onset at age 6-16 years, generalized seizures, incapacitating myoclonus, and variable progression to cerebellar ataxia. The gene that causes EPM1, cystatin B, encodes a cysteine proteinase inhibitor. Only a minority of EPM1 patients carry a point mutation within the transcription unit. The majority of EPM1 alleles contain large expansions of a dodecamer repeat, CCC CGC CCC GCG, located upstream of the 5' transcription start site of the cystatin B gene; normal alleles contain two or three copies of this repeat. All EPM1 alleles with an expansion were resistant to standard PCR amplification. To precisely determine the size of the repeat in affected individuals, we developed a detection protocol involving PCR amplification and subsequent hybridization with an oligonucleotide containing the repeat. The largest detected expansion was approximately 75 copies; the smallest was approximately 30 copies. We identified affected siblings with repeat expansions, of different sizes, on the same haplotype, which confirms the repeat's instability during transmissions. Expansions were observed directly; contractions were deduced by comparison of allele sizes within a family. In a sample of 28 patients, we found no correlation between age at onset of EPM1 and the size of the expanded dodecamer. This suggests that once the dodecamer repeat expands beyond a critical threshold, cystatin B expression is reduced in certain cells, with pathological consequences.
Keywords AdolescentAge of OnsetAllelesChildCystatin BCystatins/ geneticsEpilepsies, Myoclonic/ genetics/physiopathologyFemaleHumansMalePolymerase Chain Reaction/methodsRepetitive Sequences, Nucleic AcidSequence Analysis
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PMID: 9529356
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LALIOTI, M. D. et al. A PCR amplification method reveals instability of the dodecamer repeat in progressive myoclonus epilepsy (EPM1) and no correlation between the size of the repeat and age at onset. In: American Journal of Human Genetics, 1998, vol. 62, n° 4, p. 842-847. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:8848

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Deposited on : 2010-07-12

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