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Scientific article
English

No evidence for Hadean continental crust within Earth's oldest evolved rock unit

Published inNature geoscience, vol. 9, no. 10, p. 777-780
Publication date2016
Abstract

Due to the acute scarcity of very ancient rocks, the composition of Earth's embryonic crust during the Hadean eon (>4.0 billion years ago) is a critical unknown in our search to understand how the earliest continents evolved. Whether the Hadean Earth was dominated by mafic-composition crust, similar to today's oceanic crust1–4, or included significant amounts of continental crust5–8 remains an unsolved question that carries major implications for the earliest atmosphere the origin of life, and the geochemical evolution of the crust–mantle system. Here we present new U–Pb and Hf; isotope data on zircons from the only precisely dated Hadean rock unit on Earth—a 4,019.6 - 1.8Myr tonalitic gneiss unit in the Acasta Gneiss Complex, Canada. Combined zircon and whole-rock geochemical data from this ancient unit shows no indication of derivation from, or interaction with, older Hadean continental crust. Instead, the data provide the first direct evidence that the oldest known evolved crust on Earth was generated from an older ultramafic or mafic reservoir that probably surfaced the early Earth.

Keywords
  • Hadean
  • U-Pb
  • Zircon
  • Earliest rock
  • Acasta
  • Canada
Citation (ISO format)
REIMINK, J. R. et al. No evidence for Hadean continental crust within Earth’s oldest evolved rock unit. In: Nature geoscience, 2016, vol. 9, n° 10, p. 777–780. doi: 10.1038/ngeo2786
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ISSN of the journal1752-0894
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