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Title

Breakdown of the Migdal approximation at Lifshitz transitions with giant zero-point motion in the H3S superconductor

Authors
Bianconi, Antonio
Published in Scientific Reports. 2016, vol. 6, p. 24816
Abstract While 203 K high temperature superconductivity in H3S has been interpreted by BCS theory in the dirty limit here we focus on the e ects of hydrogen zero-point-motion and the multiband electronic structure relevant for multigap superconductivity near Lifshitz transitions. We describe how the topology of the Fermi surfaces evolves with pressure giving di erent Lifshitz-transitions. A neck-disrupting Lifshitz- transition (type 2) occurs where the van Hove singularity, vHs, crosses the chemical potential at 210 GPa and new small 2D Fermi surface portions appear with slow Fermi velocity where the Migdal- approximation becomes questionable. We show that the neglected hydrogen zero-point motion ZPM, plays a key role at Lifshitz transitions. It induces an energy shift of about 600 meV of the vHs. The other Lifshitz-transition (of type 1) for the appearing of a new Fermi surface occurs at 130 GPa where new Fermi surfaces appear at the Γ point of the Brillouin zone here the Migdal-approximation breaks down and the zero-point-motion induces large uctuations. The maximum Tc = 203 K occurs at 160 GPa where EF/ω0 = 1 in the small Fermi surface pocket at Γ. A Feshbach-like resonance between a possible BEC-BCS condensate at Γ and the BCS condensate in di erent k-space spots is proposed.
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Research group Groupe Giamarchi
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JARLBORG, Thomas N., BIANCONI, Antonio. Breakdown of the Migdal approximation at Lifshitz transitions with giant zero-point motion in the H3S superconductor. In: Scientific Reports, 2016, vol. 6, p. 24816. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:87833

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Deposited on : 2016-09-28

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