en
Scientific article
English

Deficits in neurocognition, theory of mind, and social functioning in patients with schizophrenic disorders: are they related?

Published inThe journal of nervous and mental disease, vol. 196, no. 2, p. 153-156
Publication date2008
Abstract

In schizophrenic disorders, impairments in social functioning, neurocognition, and theory of mind (ToM) are frequently reported but little is known about the relationships between them. The aim of this study is twofold: (a) to compare neurocognition, social-functioning, and ToM in patients and controls and (b) to investigate whether impairments in these domains are related to psychiatric symptoms. Participants were 16 outpatients with schizophrenic disorders (DSM-IV), and 16 healthy controls. We administered neuropsychological tests, ToM, social functioning, and psychopathology measures. Patients and controls differed on most neurocognitive variables (memory, attention, executive functions). We also found significant differences in 1 ToM factor and 2 social measures. The latter were the only 2 related to manic-hostility and negative symptoms subscores of Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale. Our findings suggest that there is no direct relation between neurocognitive impairments and social dysfunctions.

Keywords
  • Adult
  • Antipsychotic Agents/therapeutic use
  • Attention
  • Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale
  • Cognition Disorders/diagnosis/psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory Short-Term
  • Neuropsychological Tests/statistics & numerical data
  • Personal Construct Theory
  • Personality Inventory
  • Problem Solving
  • Psychometrics
  • Schizophrenia/diagnosis/drug therapy
  • Schizophrenic Psychology
  • Social Adjustment
  • Statistics as Topic
Citation (ISO format)
BÂ, Maryse Badan et al. Deficits in neurocognition, theory of mind, and social functioning in patients with schizophrenic disorders: are they related? In: The journal of nervous and mental disease, 2008, vol. 196, n° 2, p. 153–156. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e318162aa08
Main files (1)
Article (Accepted version)
accessLevelRestricted
Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0022-3018
533views
4downloads

Technical informations

Creation02/19/2009 5:44:00 PM
First validation02/19/2009 5:44:00 PM
Update time03/14/2023 3:00:50 PM
Status update03/14/2023 3:00:50 PM
Last indexation01/15/2024 6:12:38 PM
All rights reserved by Archive ouverte UNIGE and the University of GenevaunigeBlack