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Scientific article
Open access
English

Rapid characterization of complex structural phase transitions using powder diffraction and an area detector

Published inJournal of synchrotron radiation, vol. 7, no. 4, p. 251-256
Publication date2000
Abstract

The use of a high-intensity and well collimated X-ray beam from a third-generation synchrotron source, combined with an area detector with online readout capabilities, allows high-quality powder patterns to be obtained with exposure times of only a few seconds. Powder measurements of a rare-earth manganate perovskite (Nd0.43Sr0.57MnO3) were performed in the temperature range 105–200 K, and the data were of sufficient quality to be able to extract, via Rietveld refinement, accurate values for the lattice constants and atomic parameters. The temperature dependence of the Mn—O—Mn bond angles and Mn—O distances obtained in this manner illustrate the well known correlation between the distortion of the MnO6 octahedra and the onset of orbital ordering. The success of this study, for which only two hours of synchrotron beam time was required, indicates the enormous improvements in efficiency and throughput which area detectors are bringing to powder diffraction experiments.

Keywords
  • X-ray diffraction
  • Two-dimensional detection
  • Structural phase transitions
Research group
Citation (ISO format)
PATTISON, Philip et al. Rapid characterization of complex structural phase transitions using powder diffraction and an area detector. In: Journal of synchrotron radiation, 2000, vol. 7, n° 4, p. 251–256. doi: 10.1107/S0909049500004210
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Article (Published version)
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Identifiers
ISSN of the journal0909-0495
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