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A recurrent 14q32.2 microdeletion mediated by expanded TGG repeats

Bena, Frédérique
Migliavacca, Eugenia
Buiting, Karin
Sharp, A. J.
Published in Human Molecular Genetics. 2010, vol. 19, no. 10, p. 1967-1973
Abstract Nearly all recurrent microdeletion/duplication syndromes described to date are characterized by the presence of flanking low copy repeats that act as substrates for non-allelic homologous recombination (NAHR) leading to the loss, gain or disruption of dosage sensitive genes. We describe an identical 1.11 Mb heterozygous deletion of 14q32.2 including the DLK1/GTL2 imprinted gene cluster in two unrelated patients. In both patients, the deleted chromosome 14 was of paternal origin, and consistent with this both exhibit clinical features compatible with uniparental disomy (UPD) (14)mat. Using a high-resolution oligonucleotide array, we mapped the breakpoints of this recurrent deletion to large flanking (TGG)(n) tandem repeats, each approximately 500 bp in size and sharing > or =88% homology. These expanded (TGG)(n) motifs share features with known fragile sites and are predicted to form strong guanine quadruplex secondary structures. We suggest that this recurrent deletion is mediated either by NAHR between the TGG repeats, or alternatively results from their inherent instability and/or strong secondary structure. Our results define a recurrent microdeletion of the 14q32.2 imprinted gene cluster mediated by flanking (TGG)(n) repeats, identifying a novel mechanism of recurrent genomic rearrangement. Our observation that expanded repeats can act as catalysts for genomic rearrangement extends the role of triplet repeats in human disease, raising the possibility that similar repeat structures may act as substrates for pathogenic rearrangements genome-wide.
PMID: 20179077
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Other version: http://hmg.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/19/10/1967.pdf
Research group Pathologie Moléculaire de la Trisomie 21 et le Génome Humain (248)
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BENA, Frédérique et al. A recurrent 14q32.2 microdeletion mediated by expanded TGG repeats. In: Human Molecular Genetics, 2010, vol. 19, n° 10, p. 1967-1973. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:8637

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Deposited on : 2010-07-12

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