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Title

Immediate and delayed signal of slab breakoff in Oligo/Miocene Molasse deposits from the European Alps

Authors
Schlunegger, Fritz
Published in Scientific Reports. 2016, vol. 6, p. 31010
Abstract High-resolution 32-20 Ma-old stratigraphic records from the Molasse foreland basin situated north of the Alps, and Gonfolite Lombarda conglomerates deposited on the southern Alpine margin, document two consecutive sedimentary responses - an immediate and delayed response - to slab breakoff beneath the central Alps c. 32-30 Ma ago. The first signal, which occurred due to rebound and surface uplift in the Alps, was a regional and simultaneous switch from basin underfill to overfill at 30 Ma paired with shifts to coarse-grained depositional environments in the foreland basin. The second signal, however, arrived several million years after slab breakoff and was marked by larger contributions of crystalline clasts in the conglomerates, larger clast sizes, larger sediment fluxes and shifts to more proximal facies. We propose that this secondary pulse reflects a delayed whiplash-type erosional response to surface uplift, where erosion and sediment flux became amplified through positive feedbacks once larger erosional thresholds of crystalline bedrock were exceeded.
Identifiers
PMID: 27510939
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Article (Published version) (1.9 MB) - public document Free access
Structures
Research group Earth Surface Dynamics
Project FNS: 200021_146822
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SCHLUNEGGER, Fritz, CASTELLTORT, Sébastien. Immediate and delayed signal of slab breakoff in Oligo/Miocene Molasse deposits from the European Alps. In: Scientific Reports, 2016, vol. 6, p. 31010. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:86009

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Deposited on : 2016-08-15

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