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Evaluation and identification of dioxin exposure biomarkers in human urine by high-resolution metabolomics, multivariate analysis and in vitro synthesis

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Published in Toxicology Letters. 2016, vol. 240, p. 22-31
Abstract A previous high-resolution metabolomic study pointed out a dysregulation of urinary steroids and bile acids in human cases of acute dioxin exposure. A subset of 24 compounds was highlighted as putative biomarkers. The aim of the current study was (i) to evaluate the 24 biomarkers in an independent human cohort exposed to dioxins released from the incineration fumes of a municipal waste incinerator and; (ii) to identify them by comparison with authentic chemical standards and biosynthesised products obtained with in vitro metabolic reactions. An orthogonal projection to latent structures discriminant analysis built on biomarker profiles measured in the intoxicated cohort and the controls separated both groups with reported values of 93.8%; 100% and 87.5% for global accuracy; sensitivity and specificity; respectively. These results corroborated the 24 compounds as exposure biomarkers; but a definite identification was necessary for a better understanding of dioxin toxicity. Dehydroepiandrosterone 3b-sulfate, androsterone 3a-glucuronide, androsterone 3a-sulfate, pregnanediol 3a-glucuronide and 11-ketoetiocholanolone 3a-glucuronide were identified by authentic standards. Metabolic reactions characterised four biomarkers: glucuronide conjugates of 11bhydroxyandrosterone; glycochenodeoxycholic acid and glycocholic acid produced in human liver microsomes and glycoursodeoxycholic acid sulfate generated in cytosol fraction.
Keywords SteroidDioxinMetabolomicsIn vitro synthesisMass spectrometryUHPLC-QTOF
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JEANNERET, Fabienne et al. Evaluation and identification of dioxin exposure biomarkers in human urine by high-resolution metabolomics, multivariate analysis and in vitro synthesis. In: Toxicology Letters, 2016, vol. 240, p. 22-31. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:85602

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Deposited on : 2016-08-02

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