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Formation of Archean batholith-hosted gold veins at the Lac Herbin deposit, Val-d’Or district, Canada: Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints

Authors
Beaudoin, Georges
Published in Mineralium Deposita. 2017, vol. 52, no. 3, p. 421-442
Abstract The Lac Herbin deposit consists of a network of mineralized, parallel steep-reverse faults within the synvolcanic Bourlamaque granodiorite batholith at Val-d’Or in the Archean Abitibi greenstone belt. There are two related quartz-tourmaline-carbonate fault-fill vein sets in the faults, which consist of subvertical fault-fill veins associated with subhorizontal veins. The paragenetic sequence is characterized by a main vein filling ore stage including quartz, tourmaline, carbonate, and pyrite-hosted gold, chalcopyrite, tellurides, pyrrhotite, and cubanite inclusions. Most of the gold is located in fractures in deformed pyrite and quartz in equilibrium with chalcopyrite and carbonates, with local pyrrhotite, sphalerite, galena, cobaltite, pyrite, or tellurides. Petrography and microthermometry on quartz from the main vein filling ore stage reveal the presence of three unrelated fluid inclusion types: (1) gold-bearing aqueous-carbonic inclusions arranged in three-dimensional intragranular clusters in quartz crystals responsible for the main vein filling stage, (2) barren high-temperature, aqueous, moderately saline inclusions observed in healed fractures, postdating the aqueous-carbonic inclusions, and considered as a remobilizing agent of earlier precipitated gold in late fractures, and (3) barren low-temperature, aqueous, high saline inclusions in healed fractures, similar to the crustal brines reported throughout the Canadian Shield and considered to be unrelated to the gold mineralization. At the Lac Herbin deposit, the aqueous-carbonic inclusions are interpreted to have formed first and to represent the gold-bearing fluid, which were generated contemporaneous with regional greenschist facies metamorphism. In contrast, the high-temperature aqueous fluid dissolved gold from the main vein filling ore stage transported and reprecipitated it in late fractures during a subsequent local thermal event.
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Other version: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00126-016-0669-5
Structures
Research group Mineral Resources and Geofluids
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(ISO format)
REZEAU, Hervé, MORITZ, Robert, BEAUDOIN, Georges. Formation of Archean batholith-hosted gold veins at the Lac Herbin deposit, Val-d’Or district, Canada: Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints. In: Mineralium Deposita, 2017, vol. 52, n° 3, p. 421-442. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:85598

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Deposited on : 2016-08-02

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