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Scientific article
English

Influence of stabilizing agents and preparative variables on the formation of poly(D,L-lactic acid) nanoparticles by an emulsification-diffusion technique

Published inInternational journal of pharmaceutics, vol. 143, no. 2, p. 133-141
Publication date1996
Abstract

Poly(d,l-lactic acid) (PLA) nanoparticles were prepared by a modified emulsification-diffusion technique. The preparation method consisted of emulsifying a solution of polymer in an aqueous solution of a stabilizing agent, previously saturated, followed by diluting the internal phase with an excess of water. Propylene carbonate (PC) was used as a partially water-miscible solvent, due to its ability to dissolve polymers, its low toxicity and its ease of emulsification. PC allowed the obtention of nanospheres in a reproducible and efficient way, using poly(vinyl alcohol) or poloxamer 188 as stabilizing agents. The possibility of using poloxamer 188 to produce PLA nanospheres is an interesting option because of its well known acceptability for parenteral administration. With other well accepted stabilizing agents such as polysorbate 80, gelatin, polyvinylpyrrolidone and dextran, it was not possible to obtain nanoparticles. The effectiveness of the stabilizing agents in the process was attributed to their ability to avoid coalescence during PC diffusion. The formation mechanism of nanoparticles can be explained by the large interfacial area resulting from emulsification and the gradual reduction of the globule size due to solvent transfer and probably, to the interfacial turbulence generated during diffusion. A higher concentration of polymer was found to rapidly increase the size and polydispersity of nanoparticles. In contrast, an increase in stirring rate and concentration of stabilizer agent were found to reduce moderately the size of the nanoparticles. Other process parameters such as viscosity, pH of the external phase and internal/external phase ratio had limited influence on particle size.

Keywords
  • Emulsification-diffusion method
  • Nanoparticles
  • Particle size
  • Poloxamer 188
  • Poly(D-L-lactic acid)
  • Propylene carbonate
Citation (ISO format)
QUINTANAR-GUERRERO, D. et al. Influence of stabilizing agents and preparative variables on the formation of poly(D,L-lactic acid) nanoparticles by an emulsification-diffusion technique. In: International journal of pharmaceutics, 1996, vol. 143, n° 2, p. 133–141. doi: 10.1016/S0378-5173(96)04697-2
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ISSN of the journal0378-5173
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