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Targeting connexin 43 prevents platelet-derived growth factor-BB-induced phenotypic change in porcine coronary artery smooth muscle cells

Chadjichristos, Christos E.
Brisset, Anne C.
Published in Circulation Research. 2008, vol. 102, no. 6, p. 653-60
Abstract We previously reported that reducing the expression of the gap junction protein connexin (Cx)43 in mice restricts intimal thickening formation after acute vascular injury by limiting the inflammatory response and the proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) toward the damaged site. SMC populations isolated from porcine coronary artery exhibit distinct phenotypes: spindle-shaped (S) and rhomboid (R). S-SMCs are predominant in the normal media, whereas R-SMCs are recovered in higher proportion from stent-induced intimal thickening, suggesting that they participate in the restenotic process. Here, we further investigate the relationship between connexin expression and SMC phenotypes using porcine coronary artery SMCs. Cx40 was highly expressed in normal media of porcine coronary artery in vivo, whereas Cx43 was barely detectable. In contrast, Cx40 was downregulated and Cx43 was markedly upregulated in stent-induced intimal thickening. In vitro, S-SMCs expressed Cx40 and Cx43. In R-SMCs, Cx43 expression was increased and Cx40 was absent. We confirmed that S-SMCs treated with platelet-derived growth factor-BB acquire an R phenotype. This was accompanied by an upregulation of Cx43 and a loss of Cx40. Importantly, platelet-derived growth factor-BB-induced S-to-R phenotypic change was prevented by a reduction of Cx43 expression with antisense, ie, S-SMCs retained their typical elongated appearance and the expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin, a well-known SMC differentiation marker, whereas the expression of S100A4, a typical marker of R-SMCs, was prevented. In conclusion, limiting Cx43 expression in S-SMCs prevents platelet-derived growth factor-BB-induced S-to-R modulation. This suggests that Cx43 may be an additional target for local delivery strategies aimed at reducing restenosis.
Keywords Actins/metabolismAnimalsCell DifferentiationCell MovementCell ShapeCells CulturedConnexin 43/antagonists & inhibitors/genetics/metabolismConnexins/metabolismCoronary Stenosis/etiology/metabolism/pathologyCoronary Vessels/metabolism/pathologyDisease Models AnimalFemaleGap Junctions/drug effects/metabolismGlycyrrhetinic Acid/analogs & derivatives/pharmacologyMuscle Smooth Vascular/drug effects/metabolism/pathologyMyocytes Smooth Muscle/drug effects/metabolism/pathologyPeptides/pharmacologyPhenotypePlatelet-Derived Growth Factor/metabolismRNA InterferenceRNA Small Interfering/metabolismRecombinant Proteins/metabolismS100 Proteins/metabolismSignal Transduction/drug effectsStents/adverse effectsSus scrofaTime FactorsTunica Intima/metabolism/pathology
PMID: 18239136
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Research groups Bochaton-Piallat Marie-Luce (pathologie et immunologie) (646)
L'athérosclérose (665)
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CHADJICHRISTOS, Christos E. et al. Targeting connexin 43 prevents platelet-derived growth factor-BB-induced phenotypic change in porcine coronary artery smooth muscle cells. In: Circulation Research, 2008, vol. 102, n° 6, p. 653-60. https://archive-ouverte.unige.ch/unige:854

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Deposited on : 2009-02-18

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