Scientific article
Open access

Discriminating among degenerative parkinsonisms using advanced 123I-ioflupane SPECT analyses

Published inNeuroImage. Clinical, vol. 12, p. 234-240
Publication date2016

123I-ioflupane single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is a sensitive andwell established imaging tool in Parkinson's disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonian syndromes (APS), yet a discrimination between PD and APS has been considered inconsistent at least based on visual inspection or simple region of interest analyses. We here reappraise this issue by applying advanced image analysis techniques to separate PD from the various APS. This study included 392 consecutive patients with degenerative parkinsonism undergoing 123I-ioflupane SPECT at our institution over the last decade: 306 PD, 24 multiple system atrophy (MSA), 32 progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and 30 corticobasal degeneration (CBD) patients. Data analysis included voxel-wise univariate statistical parametric mapping and multivariate pattern recognition using linear discriminant classifiers. MSA and PSP showed less ioflupane uptake in the head of caudate nucleus relative to PD and CBD, yet there was no difference between MSA and PSP. CBD had higher uptake in both putamen relative to PD, MSA and PSP. Classification was significant for PD versus APS (AUC 0.69, p b 0.05) and between APS subtypes (MSA vs CBD AUC 0.80, p b 0.05; MSA vs PSP AUC 0.69 p b 0.05; CBD vs PSP AUC 0.69 p b 0.05). Both striatal and extra-striatal regions contain classification information, yet the combination of both regions does not significantly improve classification accuracy. PD, MSA, PSP and CBD have distinct patterns of dopaminergic depletion on 123I-ioflupane SPECT. The high specificity of 84–90% for PD versus APS indicates that the classifier is particularly useful for confirming APS cases.

Citation (ISO format)
BADOUD, Simon et al. Discriminating among degenerative parkinsonisms using advanced 123I-ioflupane SPECT analyses. In: NeuroImage. Clinical, 2016, vol. 12, p. 234–240. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2016.07.004
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Article (Published version)
ISSN of the journal2213-1582

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